Herati Carpet Design
Herati design is a very common repeat field design consisting of a flower centered in a diamond with curving lanceolate leaves located outside the diamond and parallel to each side. There are many versions of this design in different shapes and dimensions. Some refer to this design as a fish design because of the resemblance of the inner shapes to a fish. This beautiful nomadic design was created in the city of Harat (the capital of Timur) now in Afghanistan. Although falling far short of the high standards of the time when Herat was part of Persia, weavers of this region are still attentive to the early traditions of weaving. Having been made across the border around the city of Mashad, many of these rugs have the silky appearance peculiar to the rugs of Persian Khorassan. However, their tones of color, mainly consisting of red and blue in the field with yellow, light green, and ivory in the border, as well as most of the patterns remain distinct. In one type the fields are covered with pear designs, but their bent narrow ends always turn in the same direction, while those of other rugs turn in different directions in alternate rows. Entwined fish (Mahi - dar - ham) pattern is one of the sub - patterns of this category which was produced for the first time in Khorasan but gradually it found its way to other carpet weaving areas of Iran. Sub - Patterns are: Mahi (fish) Farahan, Mahi Sanandaj.