Usually the word “carpet” is getting used for machine made textile that cover the entire floor. The word “RUG” usually used for hand or machine made product that cover portion of the floor. There is more separation between using word Rug and Carpet in Europe.
RUG: Usually the RUG refers to the handmade textile that are around 35 square feet (3.2 square meter).
CARPET: The word carpet refers to lager than 35 square feet (3.2 square meter) in dimension.
Ghaliche (Farsi): Smaller rug usually have two size.
- Zaronim [4' 3" x 2' 9"(130 x 80 cm)]
- Zarcharak[ 5' x 3'(150 x 90 cm)]
There are fewer varieties about shape compare to size. The most common shapes are rectangular, majority of the known shapes in the market are:
Rectangular: The majority of the rugs or carpets are in rectangular shapes. The dimensions are different and vary, but the ratio of (length/with) is between 2/1 to 4/3.
Round Rugs: Round Rugs are produced in Iran around 50 years ago. The diameter of Round Rugs is around 5'(152 cm) to 9'(274 cm). The Round Rugs rooted in France and China.
Runners: After the rectangular shape rug, The Runners are the most popular shapes. Runners are like long rectangular with the length of the rug is much longer than width of the rug. The ratio (width/length) could be 3/1 for small Runner and the ratio for larger Runner is around 5/1. Runners are perfect choice to cover the hallways or stairways.
Square Rugs: Square rugs have approximate equal width and length. The most common sizes are 4'(121 cm) to 8'(243 cm). It is hard to find larger size Square rugs.
Irregular Shapes: the Irregular shapes rugs or carpets are usually in the shape of: Hexagonal, Octagonal, Triangular.